• Foreign exchange implications. Although the first place on the importance of international tourism for national economies is given to the revenue currency, and its possible significant leakage. Developing countries are forced to import more food and goods to tourists, as well as the necessary equipment for the travel industry. According to estimates of the World Bank, imports of goods for tourists accounted for 15-55% of revenues depending on the development of the economy and the performance of the tourism industry on local resources. There is also an import, due to the impact of “demonstration effect”. Tourists, arriving in industrialized countries contribute to the imports of foreign consumer goods.
And yet, despite this, international tourism continues to grow, expanding its goals. Tourism classified:
— order — routing-cognitive, sport and recreation, community, resort, ski, festival, hunting, shopping tourism, religious, educational; Continue reading
In some bilateral intergovernmental Agreements on international road transport, for example, with Germany, Romania, Poland, Macedonia and Czech Republic, the permission is also not required for entry of empty buses for backward transport of the same carrier group of passengers from a point in the territory of the other Contracting party, in which the group was previously delivered to the original point of departure. In these cases, a prerequisite is the presence of the driver of the passenger lists or the unified list of passengers (control document) .
This document introduced in may 1997, in order to harmonize the conditions of carriage of passengers international non-scheduled message. At the present time the Russian side agreed on the application of this document in 20 European countries: Continue reading
The development of tourism, growth of tourism services increases the number of jobs. According to experts, currently the tourism industry employs over 100 million people, every 16th job in the world now comes from tourism, and by 2005, every 8th working-age people in the world will be busy in this sector.
International tourism is an active source of foreign exchange earnings. For example, most of the revenue from international tourism in the total revenues from exports of goods and services is: Spain – 35%, Australia and Greece – 36%, Switzerland – 12, Italy 11, Portugal – 21 and in Cyprus is 52 %. In most developing countries, the share of foreign tourism accounts for 10-15% of revenues from exports of goods and services. However, in some countries this percentage is much higher, for example, in Colombia it is 20%, Jamaica – 30, -55 Panama and Haiti -73%. Continue reading
Russia is one of the largest costs of tourism, said Wednesday the Association of tour operators of Russia (ATOR) with reference to the study of the world tourism organization.
According to the world tourism organization (WTO), during the first half of 2012 more other funds on international tourism has allocated China (+30%), Russia (+15%), USA (+9%), Germany (+6%) and Canada (+6%), which corresponds to the data for last year. Continue reading
What is meant by “international relations”?
What kind of international relations is the most common?
What are the key directions of foreign economic cooperation Ukraine is involved?
External economic ties. International (geographical) division of labor led to the necessity of participating countries in international economic relations, which consists in the exchange of material and spiritual values. Today no one, even the most developed country unable to manufacture the entire range of products and services necessary for effective management. Continue reading
International tourism is one of the forms of exchange of services. In the basis of the tourist boom that swept the world in recent decades, are specific economic, social and other reasons. It is primarily the technological revolution, with which is associated a whole new level of productive forces. It’s a global phenomenon of urbanization, forcing residents of large cities to seek rest in other regions and countries. This “transportation revolution,” especially the rapid development of motorization and aviation. This General increase in the quality and standard of living, increasing income and duration of the leave. Finally, and General growth of culture, which causes the growth of the cognitive needs of people. Continue reading
Greeting of the head of the Federal tourism Agency Oleg Safonov P. Forum members
On behalf of the Federal Agency for tourism, I welcome the guests and participants of the III Arkhangelsk international tourist forum “Tourism in modern conditions”!
I am confident that the upcoming forum will become a productive venue for discussing the most pressing issues, seek practical solutions to address key challenges, expansion of interregional and international cooperation in the field of tourism.
Address by the Governor of the Arkhangelsk region I. A. Orlov Forum Continue reading
International tourism associated with the movement of capital, and the sale of services has a considerable impact on the balance of payments of individual countries, contributing to their transformation into active or passive. Sometimes counting and special tourist balance, which characterizes the ratio of revenues from foreign tourists in the country and the costs of its tourists abroad. In the countries most attractive to foreign tourists, the tourism balance, generally positive (France, Italy, Spain, Mexico, etc.), and in countries where the exit of tourists exceeds their arrival (Germany, Scandinavian countries, Canada, etc.), it is negative.
Especially important and complicated question about international classification of tourism according to purpose (type). Different authors offer many similar classifications, but judging from the recommendations of the world tourism organization, these goals are the five Continue reading
Operations on international tourism represent an activity aimed at providing various kinds of tourist services and the goods of tourist demand to facilitate meeting a wide range of cultural and spiritual needs of foreign tourists.
International tourism involves persons who travel abroad and engage in no gainful employment.
Tourism was seen as a journey. The term “tourism” in French means a walk, drive. However, with the development of economy, when the demand for travel has increased dramatically, there is a service providers for such travel, tourism becomes a commodity. As the tourism product is realized in the form of services (tangible and intangible). Continue reading