company-tour operators provide
Assessment of the impact of international tourism on the economy comes down to relationships balance of tourist exchange and the overall balance of payments, which are reflected in the article sales and purchase of international services. The total amount of these receipts and payments will affect the country’s trade balance. The place and role of income and expenditure on international tourism reflects the value of the surplus of tourist balance and its impact on overall trade and payment balances. These relationships can be reduced to a number of characteristic types Continue reading
Here is where the experts — leading tour operators, travel agencies, national tourism offices and administrations of the Russian regions. OTDYKH LEISURE — is the leading international autumn trade fair for tourism in Russia and CIS countries. In 2015 the exhibition will be held in 21-th time.
Tourism — the most important direction in the modern world economy. The development of this industry, considerable funds are allocated. Every year increasing tourist flow in all directions. The desire to see the world rightly: at the time of travel is expanding my horizons, meeting new cultures, traditions and customs. Travel agencies offer a wide range of programs. Do not stand still and innovation technologies in the sphere of recreation and tourism. Continue reading
For the first nine months of 2013 the growth rate of international tourism amounted to 5% according to the latest Barometer UNWTO world tourism. In the period from January to September the number of international tourist arrivals, according to data provided by destinations around the world increased by some 41 million exceeding initial forecasts of UNWTO and creates an important incentive for host countries.
For the first nine months of the year the number of international tourist arrivals grew by 5%, reaching a record 845 million to approximately 41 million compared with the same period in 2012. The main driver behind this growth were Europe and the Asia-Pacific region, in which the indicator of tourist arrivals increased by 6%. Continue reading
Tourism in the modern world is viewed as a socio-economic phenomenon that has a direct and indirect influence on the development of all associated ifrastruktury. Modern tourism is based on a high level of development of transport, social sphere and sphere of services, which, ultimately, turns it into a highly profitable sector of the economy.
According to the world tourism organization (WTO), today tourism is one of the most dynamic and profitable sectors of the global economy. At the yield, it is second only the extraction and processing of oil. Tourism accounts for about 6 % of the world’s gross national product, 7 % of global investment, every 16th a workplace, 11 % of world consumer spending and 5 % of all tax revenues. In this regard, in many countries the tourism sector is actively developing with government support. Continue reading
Mechkovskaya O. A. — lecturer of the Department of economic geography of foreign countries of the geographical faculty of the Belarusian state University
Study of issues related to the economic importance of international tourism in transition economies is of particular relevance. Currently, the States of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are, first of all, before selecting the export specialization, secondly, before restructuring of the unprofitable traditional industries, focusing on new products for export, as well as to new activities in services and international trade. At the same time, the majority of researchers working on issues of international tourism (I. I. Pirozhnik, 1996; G. A. Papiryan, 1998; Zorin I. V., Kvartalnov V. A., 2001; A. Y. Alexandrova, 2001, 2002) and noting the high profitability of foreign tourists and show large benefits arising from the development orientation of the economy towards tourism international specialization compared to the specialization in traditional exports. Continue reading
ARKHANGELSK/ March 31,/ BI-PORT IN Arkhangelsk, held a training seminar on the preparation of tourist products and their effective promotion in the market of tourist services.
The event was organized by the Norwegian-Russian chamber of Commerce together with the regional Agency for tourism and international cooperation. Continue reading
Under regular transportation of passengers means transportation between the territories of the Contracting parties or transit through their territories carried out periodically, according to set in advance the route, schedule and subject to the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers at specific predetermined points.
In accordance with bilateral agreements in the field of road transport regular transport of passengers by buses are organized in coordination between competent authorities of Contracting parties on the basis of granted them permission to travel by the road which passes through their territory. When you open a regular line Contracting parties, as a rule, follow the principle of parity of participation of carriers in both countries. For the passage of buses of regular lines on the territory of transit countries also requires authorization from the competent authority of that transit country. Continue reading
• Foreign exchange implications. Although the first place on the importance of international tourism for national economies is given to the revenue currency, and its possible significant leakage. Developing countries are forced to import more food and goods to tourists, as well as the necessary equipment for the travel industry. According to estimates of the World Bank, imports of goods for tourists accounted for 15-55% of revenues depending on the development of the economy and the performance of the tourism industry on local resources. There is also an import, due to the impact of “demonstration effect”. Tourists, arriving in industrialized countries contribute to the imports of foreign consumer goods.
And yet, despite this, international tourism continues to grow, expanding its goals. Tourism classified:
— order — routing-cognitive, sport and recreation, community, resort, ski, festival, hunting, shopping tourism, religious, educational; Continue reading
In some bilateral intergovernmental Agreements on international road transport, for example, with Germany, Romania, Poland, Macedonia and Czech Republic, the permission is also not required for entry of empty buses for backward transport of the same carrier group of passengers from a point in the territory of the other Contracting party, in which the group was previously delivered to the original point of departure. In these cases, a prerequisite is the presence of the driver of the passenger lists or the unified list of passengers (control document) .
This document introduced in may 1997, in order to harmonize the conditions of carriage of passengers international non-scheduled message. At the present time the Russian side agreed on the application of this document in 20 European countries: Continue reading
The development of tourism, growth of tourism services increases the number of jobs. According to experts, currently the tourism industry employs over 100 million people, every 16th job in the world now comes from tourism, and by 2005, every 8th working-age people in the world will be busy in this sector.
International tourism is an active source of foreign exchange earnings. For example, most of the revenue from international tourism in the total revenues from exports of goods and services is: Spain – 35%, Australia and Greece – 36%, Switzerland – 12, Italy 11, Portugal – 21 and in Cyprus is 52 %. In most developing countries, the share of foreign tourism accounts for 10-15% of revenues from exports of goods and services. However, in some countries this percentage is much higher, for example, in Colombia it is 20%, Jamaica – 30, -55 Panama and Haiti -73%. Continue reading