increasing standard of living
With the expansion of international trade and other forms of international economic relations, improve the level of culture and education began to develop international tourism. International tourism is an activity aimed at providing various kinds of tourist services and the goods of tourist demand to meet a wide range of cultural and spiritual needs of foreign tourists. Tourism services in international trade are as “invisible” product. Continue reading
Assessment of the impact of international tourism on the economy comes down to relationships balance of tourist exchange and the overall balance of payments, which are reflected in the article sales and purchase of international services. The total amount of these receipts and payments will affect the country’s trade balance. The place and role of income and expenditure on international tourism reflects the value of the surplus of tourist balance and its impact on overall trade and payment balances. These relationships can be reduced to a number of characteristic types Continue reading
Here is where the experts — leading tour operators, travel agencies, national tourism offices and administrations of the Russian regions. OTDYKH LEISURE — is the leading international autumn trade fair for tourism in Russia and CIS countries. In 2015 the exhibition will be held in 21-th time.
Tourism — the most important direction in the modern world economy. The development of this industry, considerable funds are allocated. Every year increasing tourist flow in all directions. The desire to see the world rightly: at the time of travel is expanding my horizons, meeting new cultures, traditions and customs. Travel agencies offer a wide range of programs. Do not stand still and innovation technologies in the sphere of recreation and tourism. Continue reading
• Providing tourists goods and services, the country is more involved in the system of international division of labor, rationally using its natural resources.
• International tourism is an effective source of foreign currency, including due to the “internal exports”, i.e. the tourism local products. As an example, Italy, where the efficiency of the foreign exchange earnings from tourism helped to mitigate the problem of external payments. Over the past period surplus in its current account for 70-80% was formed due to the contribution from international tourism. Under the receipts from international tourism refers to the payment for goods and services made by foreign tourists during their stay in the country, except for earnings from additional employment and payment of international transit. International tourism expenditure includes purchases of goods and services produced by residents of the country abroad. Continue reading
Tourism in the modern world is viewed as a socio-economic phenomenon that has a direct and indirect influence on the development of all associated ifrastruktury. Modern tourism is based on a high level of development of transport, social sphere and sphere of services, which, ultimately, turns it into a highly profitable sector of the economy.
According to the world tourism organization (WTO), today tourism is one of the most dynamic and profitable sectors of the global economy. At the yield, it is second only the extraction and processing of oil. Tourism accounts for about 6 % of the world’s gross national product, 7 % of global investment, every 16th a workplace, 11 % of world consumer spending and 5 % of all tax revenues. In this regard, in many countries the tourism sector is actively developing with government support. Continue reading
Under regular transportation of passengers means transportation between the territories of the Contracting parties or transit through their territories carried out periodically, according to set in advance the route, schedule and subject to the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers at specific predetermined points.
In accordance with bilateral agreements in the field of road transport regular transport of passengers by buses are organized in coordination between competent authorities of Contracting parties on the basis of granted them permission to travel by the road which passes through their territory. When you open a regular line Contracting parties, as a rule, follow the principle of parity of participation of carriers in both countries. For the passage of buses of regular lines on the territory of transit countries also requires authorization from the competent authority of that transit country. Continue reading
• Foreign exchange implications. Although the first place on the importance of international tourism for national economies is given to the revenue currency, and its possible significant leakage. Developing countries are forced to import more food and goods to tourists, as well as the necessary equipment for the travel industry. According to estimates of the World Bank, imports of goods for tourists accounted for 15-55% of revenues depending on the development of the economy and the performance of the tourism industry on local resources. There is also an import, due to the impact of “demonstration effect”. Tourists, arriving in industrialized countries contribute to the imports of foreign consumer goods.
And yet, despite this, international tourism continues to grow, expanding its goals. Tourism classified:
— order — routing-cognitive, sport and recreation, community, resort, ski, festival, hunting, shopping tourism, religious, educational; Continue reading
In some bilateral intergovernmental Agreements on international road transport, for example, with Germany, Romania, Poland, Macedonia and Czech Republic, the permission is also not required for entry of empty buses for backward transport of the same carrier group of passengers from a point in the territory of the other Contracting party, in which the group was previously delivered to the original point of departure. In these cases, a prerequisite is the presence of the driver of the passenger lists or the unified list of passengers (control document) .
This document introduced in may 1997, in order to harmonize the conditions of carriage of passengers international non-scheduled message. At the present time the Russian side agreed on the application of this document in 20 European countries: Continue reading
Russia is one of the largest costs of tourism, said Wednesday the Association of tour operators of Russia (ATOR) with reference to the study of the world tourism organization.
According to the world tourism organization (WTO), during the first half of 2012 more other funds on international tourism has allocated China (+30%), Russia (+15%), USA (+9%), Germany (+6%) and Canada (+6%), which corresponds to the data for last year. Continue reading
What is meant by “international relations”?
What kind of international relations is the most common?
What are the key directions of foreign economic cooperation Ukraine is involved?
External economic ties. International (geographical) division of labor led to the necessity of participating countries in international economic relations, which consists in the exchange of material and spiritual values. Today no one, even the most developed country unable to manufacture the entire range of products and services necessary for effective management. Continue reading