quality management of tourism business entities
Assessment of the impact of international tourism on the economy comes down to relationships balance of tourist exchange and the overall balance of payments, which are reflected in the article sales and purchase of international services. The total amount of these receipts and payments will affect the country’s trade balance. The place and role of income and expenditure on international tourism reflects the value of the surplus of tourist balance and its impact on overall trade and payment balances. These relationships can be reduced to a number of characteristic types Continue reading
Mechkovskaya O. A. — lecturer of the Department of economic geography of foreign countries of the geographical faculty of the Belarusian state University
Study of issues related to the economic importance of international tourism in transition economies is of particular relevance. Currently, the States of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are, first of all, before selecting the export specialization, secondly, before restructuring of the unprofitable traditional industries, focusing on new products for export, as well as to new activities in services and international trade. At the same time, the majority of researchers working on issues of international tourism (I. I. Pirozhnik, 1996; G. A. Papiryan, 1998; Zorin I. V., Kvartalnov V. A., 2001; A. Y. Alexandrova, 2001, 2002) and noting the high profitability of foreign tourists and show large benefits arising from the development orientation of the economy towards tourism international specialization compared to the specialization in traditional exports. Continue reading
The development of tourism, growth of tourism services increases the number of jobs. According to experts, currently the tourism industry employs over 100 million people, every 16th job in the world now comes from tourism, and by 2005, every 8th working-age people in the world will be busy in this sector.
International tourism is an active source of foreign exchange earnings. For example, most of the revenue from international tourism in the total revenues from exports of goods and services is: Spain – 35%, Australia and Greece – 36%, Switzerland – 12, Italy 11, Portugal – 21 and in Cyprus is 52 %. In most developing countries, the share of foreign tourism accounts for 10-15% of revenues from exports of goods and services. However, in some countries this percentage is much higher, for example, in Colombia it is 20%, Jamaica – 30, -55 Panama and Haiti -73%. Continue reading
Operations on international tourism represent an activity aimed at providing various kinds of tourist services and the goods of tourist demand to facilitate meeting a wide range of cultural and spiritual needs of foreign tourists.
International tourism involves persons who travel abroad and engage in no gainful employment.
Tourism was seen as a journey. The term “tourism” in French means a walk, drive. However, with the development of economy, when the demand for travel has increased dramatically, there is a service providers for such travel, tourism becomes a commodity. As the tourism product is realized in the form of services (tangible and intangible). Continue reading