road transport regular transport
Assessment of the impact of international tourism on the economy comes down to relationships balance of tourist exchange and the overall balance of payments, which are reflected in the article sales and purchase of international services. The total amount of these receipts and payments will affect the country’s trade balance. The place and role of income and expenditure on international tourism reflects the value of the surplus of tourist balance and its impact on overall trade and payment balances. These relationships can be reduced to a number of characteristic types Continue reading
MOSCOW, January 28. The number of foreign tourist visits in the world in 2014 increased 4.7% compared to the previous year, and amounted to 1,138 billion Such data today leads the world tourism organization (UNWTO).
The greatest growth showed North and South America (an increase of 7%), Asia and the Pacific (+5%). This was modest growth in Europe (4%), middle East (+4%) and in Africa (an increase of 2%), reports “Finmarket” . Continue reading
Mechkovskaya O. A. — lecturer of the Department of economic geography of foreign countries of the geographical faculty of the Belarusian state University
Study of issues related to the economic importance of international tourism in transition economies is of particular relevance. Currently, the States of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are, first of all, before selecting the export specialization, secondly, before restructuring of the unprofitable traditional industries, focusing on new products for export, as well as to new activities in services and international trade. At the same time, the majority of researchers working on issues of international tourism (I. I. Pirozhnik, 1996; G. A. Papiryan, 1998; Zorin I. V., Kvartalnov V. A., 2001; A. Y. Alexandrova, 2001, 2002) and noting the high profitability of foreign tourists and show large benefits arising from the development orientation of the economy towards tourism international specialization compared to the specialization in traditional exports. Continue reading
ARKHANGELSK/ March 31,/ BI-PORT IN Arkhangelsk, held a training seminar on the preparation of tourist products and their effective promotion in the market of tourist services.
The event was organized by the Norwegian-Russian chamber of Commerce together with the regional Agency for tourism and international cooperation. Continue reading
Under regular transportation of passengers means transportation between the territories of the Contracting parties or transit through their territories carried out periodically, according to set in advance the route, schedule and subject to the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers at specific predetermined points.
In accordance with bilateral agreements in the field of road transport regular transport of passengers by buses are organized in coordination between competent authorities of Contracting parties on the basis of granted them permission to travel by the road which passes through their territory. When you open a regular line Contracting parties, as a rule, follow the principle of parity of participation of carriers in both countries. For the passage of buses of regular lines on the territory of transit countries also requires authorization from the competent authority of that transit country. Continue reading
In some bilateral intergovernmental Agreements on international road transport, for example, with Germany, Romania, Poland, Macedonia and Czech Republic, the permission is also not required for entry of empty buses for backward transport of the same carrier group of passengers from a point in the territory of the other Contracting party, in which the group was previously delivered to the original point of departure. In these cases, a prerequisite is the presence of the driver of the passenger lists or the unified list of passengers (control document) .
This document introduced in may 1997, in order to harmonize the conditions of carriage of passengers international non-scheduled message. At the present time the Russian side agreed on the application of this document in 20 European countries: Continue reading
The development of tourism, growth of tourism services increases the number of jobs. According to experts, currently the tourism industry employs over 100 million people, every 16th job in the world now comes from tourism, and by 2005, every 8th working-age people in the world will be busy in this sector.
International tourism is an active source of foreign exchange earnings. For example, most of the revenue from international tourism in the total revenues from exports of goods and services is: Spain – 35%, Australia and Greece – 36%, Switzerland – 12, Italy 11, Portugal – 21 and in Cyprus is 52 %. In most developing countries, the share of foreign tourism accounts for 10-15% of revenues from exports of goods and services. However, in some countries this percentage is much higher, for example, in Colombia it is 20%, Jamaica – 30, -55 Panama and Haiti -73%. Continue reading
Russia is one of the largest costs of tourism, said Wednesday the Association of tour operators of Russia (ATOR) with reference to the study of the world tourism organization.
According to the world tourism organization (WTO), during the first half of 2012 more other funds on international tourism has allocated China (+30%), Russia (+15%), USA (+9%), Germany (+6%) and Canada (+6%), which corresponds to the data for last year. Continue reading
What is meant by “international relations”?
What kind of international relations is the most common?
What are the key directions of foreign economic cooperation Ukraine is involved?
External economic ties. International (geographical) division of labor led to the necessity of participating countries in international economic relations, which consists in the exchange of material and spiritual values. Today no one, even the most developed country unable to manufacture the entire range of products and services necessary for effective management. Continue reading
International tourism is one of the forms of exchange of services. In the basis of the tourist boom that swept the world in recent decades, are specific economic, social and other reasons. It is primarily the technological revolution, with which is associated a whole new level of productive forces. It’s a global phenomenon of urbanization, forcing residents of large cities to seek rest in other regions and countries. This “transportation revolution,” especially the rapid development of motorization and aviation. This General increase in the quality and standard of living, increasing income and duration of the leave. Finally, and General growth of culture, which causes the growth of the cognitive needs of people. Continue reading