International tourism and passenger transport operationTourism in the modern world is viewed as a socio-economic phenomenon that has a direct and indirect influence on the development of all associated ifrastruktury. Modern tourism is based on a high level of development of transport, social sphere and sphere of services, which, ultimately, turns it into a highly profitable sector of the economy.

According to the world tourism organization (WTO), today tourism is one of the most dynamic and profitable sectors of the global economy. At the yield, it is second only the extraction and processing of oil. Tourism accounts for about 6 % of the world’s gross national product, 7 % of global investment, every 16th a workplace, 11 % of world consumer spending and 5 % of all tax revenues. In this regard, in many countries the tourism sector is actively developing with government support. Continue reading

International tourist turnover and its impact on the balance of payments in the countries of Central and Eastern EuropeMechkovskaya O. A. — lecturer of the Department of economic geography of foreign countries of the geographical faculty of the Belarusian state University

Study of issues related to the economic importance of international tourism in transition economies is of particular relevance. Currently, the States of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are, first of all, before selecting the export specialization, secondly, before restructuring of the unprofitable traditional industries, focusing on new products for export, as well as to new activities in services and international trade. At the same time, the majority of researchers working on issues of international tourism (I. I. Pirozhnik, 1996; G. A. Papiryan, 1998; Zorin I. V., Kvartalnov V. A., 2001; A. Y. Alexandrova, 2001, 2002) and noting the high profitability of foreign tourists and show large benefits arising from the development orientation of the economy towards tourism international specialization compared to the specialization in traditional exports. Continue reading

Arkhangelsk and Norway discussed the international tourismARKHANGELSK/ March 31,/ BI-PORT IN Arkhangelsk, held a training seminar on the preparation of tourist products and their effective promotion in the market of tourist services.

The event was organized by the Norwegian-Russian chamber of Commerce together with the regional Agency for tourism and international cooperation. Continue reading

Provide transport services can be performed on a regular and irregular basis.Under regular transportation of passengers means transportation between the territories of the Contracting parties or transit through their territories carried out periodically, according to set in advance the route, schedule and subject to the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers at specific predetermined points.

In accordance with bilateral agreements in the field of road transport regular transport of passengers by buses are organized in coordination between competent authorities of Contracting parties on the basis of granted them permission to travel by the road which passes through their territory. When you open a regular line Contracting parties, as a rule, follow the principle of parity of participation of carriers in both countries. For the passage of buses of regular lines on the territory of transit countries also requires authorization from the competent authority of that transit country. Continue reading

Environmental, associated with the accelerated industrialization of natural landscapes, roads, ports, pollution of water bodies and beaches.• Foreign exchange implications. Although the first place on the importance of international tourism for national economies is given to the revenue currency, and its possible significant leakage. Developing countries are forced to import more food and goods to tourists, as well as the necessary equipment for the travel industry. According to estimates of the World Bank, imports of goods for tourists accounted for 15-55% of revenues depending on the development of the economy and the performance of the tourism industry on local resources. There is also an import, due to the impact of “demonstration effect”. Tourists, arriving in industrialized countries contribute to the imports of foreign consumer goods.

And yet, despite this, international tourism continues to grow, expanding its goals. Tourism classified:

— order — routing-cognitive, sport and recreation, community, resort, ski, festival, hunting, shopping tourism, religious, educational; Continue reading

intergovernmental Agreements on international road transportIn some bilateral intergovernmental Agreements on international road transport, for example, with Germany, Romania, Poland, Macedonia and Czech Republic, the permission is also not required for entry of empty buses for backward transport of the same carrier group of passengers from a point in the territory of the other Contracting party, in which the group was previously delivered to the original point of departure. In these cases, a prerequisite is the presence of the driver of the passenger lists or the unified list of passengers (control document)[27] .

This document introduced in may 1997, in order to harmonize the conditions of carriage of passengers international non-scheduled message. At the present time the Russian side agreed on the application of this document in 20 European countries: Continue reading