international tourism on the economy comeAssessment of the impact of international tourism on the economy comes down to relationships balance of tourist exchange and the overall balance of payments, which are reflected in the article sales and purchase of international services. The total amount of these receipts and payments will affect the country’s trade balance. The place and role of income and expenditure on international tourism reflects the value of the surplus of tourist balance and its impact on overall trade and payment balances. These relationships can be reduced to a number of characteristic types

The composition of the first two groups of CEE countries has a high variability. The first group of countries with positive balance of tourism (W>0) and trade balance (VN>0) in which is formed a positive balance of payments (BP>0), in 2000, became only Russia. Active tourism policy, investment in the tourism sector, as well as improving overall economic and political situation has led to a balanced development of both active and passive tourism with a slight excess of income over expenditure. The wealth of natural resources provides Russia with a wide export opportunities. It is the only CEE country that has a lower dependence, resulting in during the 1990s, the balance of trade as well as the overall balance of payments remained positive [3-5]. Intensive development of international tourism in Russia has led to the strengthening of its economic importance. During the 1990s, the share of tourism receipts in GDP and exports has steadily increased, amounting in 2000, respectively 2,9 % and 10.5 %, which, given the enormous economic potential of Russia, is quite essential (for example, the share of income from international tourism in total exports of the world’s largest centers — France, USA, Italy, is 10—12%) [3—5; 12].

During the 1990s, this group was part of Lithuania (in 1993), Slovakia, Poland and Bulgaria (1996) — countries, developing active tourism and different traditional positive tourism balance [10-12]. In some years these countries by expanding export opportunities could eliminate the deficit for both the trade and the overall balance of payments [3-5].

The second group of countries in CEE in the first half of the 1990s comprised Russia, Ukraine and Latvia, when the negative balance of the tourism balance (W<0) in absolute sizes was less positive balance (BI > 0) trade balance (IVN>BTI), which is slightly reduced surplus of the trade balance, leaving the overall balance of payments is active (BP>0). These countries had high costs for international tourism and significant foreign exchange income from the export of raw materials (Russia, Ukraine), as well as of goods and services (for example, Latvia in early 1990s) [3; 10]. Changes in the structure and volume of exports — imports, restructuring of the tourism sector has led in subsequent years, the transition of these States to other groups.

The third type of relationships and the balance of the tourism balance of payments in CEE did not spread in the 1990s as the situation in which high expenditure on international tourism exceeds the foreign exchange income trading volume, that determines the formation of a passive balance of payments of the country, is quite rare [9].

The fourth group in CEE countries form a negative balance as a tourist (W<0), and shopping (EXT<0) and total payment (BP<0) balances. International tourism increases the negative trade balance, exacerbating the passive balance of payments. During the 1990s strong position in this group was occupied by Latvia, Belarus, Moldova, and Romania, where significant import costs and preferential development of passive tourism has led to significant outflow of foreign currency and exacerbated the passive balance of payments. In this case, these States are investors tourism economy of other countries: Turkey, Cyprus, Ukraine, Russia, etc. international tourism in the countries of this group does not play a significant role in the economy and is not the specialization of the industry, despite the wealth of recreational potential. More favorable prospects distinguish Latvia, whose economy relies on the support of foreign investors. Reforming the economy of this country is the most constructive, therefore, throughout the 1990s a noticeable increase in tourist activity of local population growth which outpaced the growth of the incoming flow that leaves the tourism balance is negative [10-12]. In addition, in Latvia increases the economic importance of international tourism, as evidenced by the increase of the share of tourism receipts in GDP and in exports (see table). In other countries, positive changes in the impact of international tourism on the national economy in the 1990s was noted. The share of revenues from international tourism in GDP and exports has declined, while in Belarus and Romania saw an increase in disparities in expenditures and revenues while reducing incoming flow and the increase in the number of departures since the second half of the 1990s [11] To change this situation it is necessary to develop the program for the revitalization of the tourism sector at the state level and encourage inbound international tourism to reduce the deficit of the payment balance of the country.

The fifth group includes the majority of the CEE country with a positive tourism balance (W>0) and a negative trade balance (EXT<0), with absolute excess of the balance of trade on tourism (IVN>BTI) passive reduces the trade balance, but the balance of payments remains negative (BP<0) due to the significant volume of imports. During the 1990s, a relatively stable position in the composition of this group differed all wheel drive tourist CEE countries that conduct an active policy of revitalization of international tourism: Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, Estonia, Slovenia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Lithuania. Recently they were joined by Slovakia and Ukraine. In Slovakia before 2000, trade and payment balances were positive or had a small deficit [3-5]. However, the increased import costs of new equipment, technologies and raw materials while reducing the income from international tourism has led to the growth of the deficit of the overall balance of payments of the country. An active policy of restructuring the tourism sector began to carry out Ukraine, which allowed it to significantly increase revenues from international tourism and make the tourism balance is positive