international economic relations

International tourismWith the expansion of international trade and other forms of international economic relations, improve the level of culture and education began to develop international tourism. International tourism is an activity aimed at providing various kinds of tourist services and the goods of tourist demand to meet a wide range of cultural and spiritual needs of foreign tourists. Tourism services in international trade are as “invisible” product. Continue reading

international tourism on the economy comeAssessment of the impact of international tourism on the economy comes down to relationships balance of tourist exchange and the overall balance of payments, which are reflected in the article sales and purchase of international services. The total amount of these receipts and payments will affect the country’s trade balance. The place and role of income and expenditure on international tourism reflects the value of the surplus of tourist balance and its impact on overall trade and payment balances. These relationships can be reduced to a number of characteristic types Continue reading

UNWTO: international tourism in 2014 increased by 4.7%MOSCOW, January 28. The number of foreign tourist visits in the world in 2014 increased 4.7% compared to the previous year, and amounted to 1,138 billion Such data today leads the world tourism organization (UNWTO).

The greatest growth showed North and South America (an increase of 7%), Asia and the Pacific (+5%). This was modest growth in Europe (4%), middle East (+4%) and in Africa (an increase of 2%), reports “Finmarket” . Continue reading

International tourism is regarded by countries as a means of economic development that is manifested in the following.• Providing tourists goods and services, the country is more involved in the system of international division of labor, rationally using its natural resources.

• International tourism is an effective source of foreign currency, including due to the “internal exports”, i.e. the tourism local products. As an example, Italy, where the efficiency of the foreign exchange earnings from tourism helped to mitigate the problem of external payments. Over the past period surplus in its current account for 70-80% was formed due to the contribution from international tourism. Under the receipts from international tourism refers to the payment for goods and services made by foreign tourists during their stay in the country, except for earnings from additional employment and payment of international transit. International tourism expenditure includes purchases of goods and services produced by residents of the country abroad. Continue reading

International tourist turnover and its impact on the balance of payments in the countries of Central and Eastern EuropeMechkovskaya O. A. — lecturer of the Department of economic geography of foreign countries of the geographical faculty of the Belarusian state University

Study of issues related to the economic importance of international tourism in transition economies is of particular relevance. Currently, the States of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are, first of all, before selecting the export specialization, secondly, before restructuring of the unprofitable traditional industries, focusing on new products for export, as well as to new activities in services and international trade. At the same time, the majority of researchers working on issues of international tourism (I. I. Pirozhnik, 1996; G. A. Papiryan, 1998; Zorin I. V., Kvartalnov V. A., 2001; A. Y. Alexandrova, 2001, 2002) and noting the high profitability of foreign tourists and show large benefits arising from the development orientation of the economy towards tourism international specialization compared to the specialization in traditional exports. Continue reading

Provide transport services can be performed on a regular and irregular basis.Under regular transportation of passengers means transportation between the territories of the Contracting parties or transit through their territories carried out periodically, according to set in advance the route, schedule and subject to the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers at specific predetermined points.

In accordance with bilateral agreements in the field of road transport regular transport of passengers by buses are organized in coordination between competent authorities of Contracting parties on the basis of granted them permission to travel by the road which passes through their territory. When you open a regular line Contracting parties, as a rule, follow the principle of parity of participation of carriers in both countries. For the passage of buses of regular lines on the territory of transit countries also requires authorization from the competent authority of that transit country. Continue reading

ATOR: Russia is among the world leaders in expenditure on international tourismRussia is one of the largest costs of tourism, said Wednesday the Association of tour operators of Russia (ATOR) with reference to the study of the world tourism organization.

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According to the world tourism organization (WTO), during the first half of 2012 more other funds on international tourism has allocated China (+30%), Russia (+15%), USA (+9%), Germany (+6%) and Canada (+6%), which corresponds to the data for last year. Continue reading

External economic ties. International tourismWhat is meant by “international relations”?

What kind of international relations is the most common?

What are the key directions of foreign economic cooperation Ukraine is involved?

External economic ties. International (geographical) division of labor led to the necessity of participating countries in international economic relations, which consists in the exchange of material and spiritual values. Today no one, even the most developed country unable to manufacture the entire range of products and services necessary for effective management. Continue reading

III Arkhangelsk international tourist forumGreeting of the head of the Federal tourism Agency Oleg Safonov P. Forum members

On behalf of the Federal Agency for tourism, I welcome the guests and participants of the III Arkhangelsk international tourist forum “Tourism in modern conditions”!

I am confident that the upcoming forum will become a productive venue for discussing the most pressing issues, seek practical solutions to address key challenges, expansion of interregional and international cooperation in the field of tourism.

Address by the Governor of the Arkhangelsk region I. A. Orlov Forum Continue reading

International tourismInternational tourism associated with the movement of capital, and the sale of services has a considerable impact on the balance of payments of individual countries, contributing to their transformation into active or passive. Sometimes counting and special tourist balance, which characterizes the ratio of revenues from foreign tourists in the country and the costs of its tourists abroad. In the countries most attractive to foreign tourists, the tourism balance, generally positive (France, Italy, Spain, Mexico, etc.), and in countries where the exit of tourists exceeds their arrival (Germany, Scandinavian countries, Canada, etc.), it is negative.

Especially important and complicated question about international classification of tourism according to purpose (type). Different authors offer many similar classifications, but judging from the recommendations of the world tourism organization, these goals are the five Continue reading