its territory of foreign citizens
With the expansion of international trade and other forms of international economic relations, improve the level of culture and education began to develop international tourism. International tourism is an activity aimed at providing various kinds of tourist services and the goods of tourist demand to meet a wide range of cultural and spiritual needs of foreign tourists. Tourism services in international trade are as “invisible” product. Continue reading
Assessment of the impact of international tourism on the economy comes down to relationships balance of tourist exchange and the overall balance of payments, which are reflected in the article sales and purchase of international services. The total amount of these receipts and payments will affect the country’s trade balance. The place and role of income and expenditure on international tourism reflects the value of the surplus of tourist balance and its impact on overall trade and payment balances. These relationships can be reduced to a number of characteristic types Continue reading
For the first nine months of 2013 the growth rate of international tourism amounted to 5% according to the latest Barometer UNWTO world tourism. In the period from January to September the number of international tourist arrivals, according to data provided by destinations around the world increased by some 41 million exceeding initial forecasts of UNWTO and creates an important incentive for host countries.
For the first nine months of the year the number of international tourist arrivals grew by 5%, reaching a record 845 million to approximately 41 million compared with the same period in 2012. The main driver behind this growth were Europe and the Asia-Pacific region, in which the indicator of tourist arrivals increased by 6%. Continue reading
• Providing tourists goods and services, the country is more involved in the system of international division of labor, rationally using its natural resources.
• International tourism is an effective source of foreign currency, including due to the “internal exports”, i.e. the tourism local products. As an example, Italy, where the efficiency of the foreign exchange earnings from tourism helped to mitigate the problem of external payments. Over the past period surplus in its current account for 70-80% was formed due to the contribution from international tourism. Under the receipts from international tourism refers to the payment for goods and services made by foreign tourists during their stay in the country, except for earnings from additional employment and payment of international transit. International tourism expenditure includes purchases of goods and services produced by residents of the country abroad. Continue reading
Mechkovskaya O. A. — lecturer of the Department of economic geography of foreign countries of the geographical faculty of the Belarusian state University
Study of issues related to the economic importance of international tourism in transition economies is of particular relevance. Currently, the States of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are, first of all, before selecting the export specialization, secondly, before restructuring of the unprofitable traditional industries, focusing on new products for export, as well as to new activities in services and international trade. At the same time, the majority of researchers working on issues of international tourism (I. I. Pirozhnik, 1996; G. A. Papiryan, 1998; Zorin I. V., Kvartalnov V. A., 2001; A. Y. Alexandrova, 2001, 2002) and noting the high profitability of foreign tourists and show large benefits arising from the development orientation of the economy towards tourism international specialization compared to the specialization in traditional exports. Continue reading
• Foreign exchange implications. Although the first place on the importance of international tourism for national economies is given to the revenue currency, and its possible significant leakage. Developing countries are forced to import more food and goods to tourists, as well as the necessary equipment for the travel industry. According to estimates of the World Bank, imports of goods for tourists accounted for 15-55% of revenues depending on the development of the economy and the performance of the tourism industry on local resources. There is also an import, due to the impact of “demonstration effect”. Tourists, arriving in industrialized countries contribute to the imports of foreign consumer goods.
And yet, despite this, international tourism continues to grow, expanding its goals. Tourism classified:
— order — routing-cognitive, sport and recreation, community, resort, ski, festival, hunting, shopping tourism, religious, educational; Continue reading
In some bilateral intergovernmental Agreements on international road transport, for example, with Germany, Romania, Poland, Macedonia and Czech Republic, the permission is also not required for entry of empty buses for backward transport of the same carrier group of passengers from a point in the territory of the other Contracting party, in which the group was previously delivered to the original point of departure. In these cases, a prerequisite is the presence of the driver of the passenger lists or the unified list of passengers (control document) .
This document introduced in may 1997, in order to harmonize the conditions of carriage of passengers international non-scheduled message. At the present time the Russian side agreed on the application of this document in 20 European countries: Continue reading
Russia is one of the largest costs of tourism, said Wednesday the Association of tour operators of Russia (ATOR) with reference to the study of the world tourism organization.
According to the world tourism organization (WTO), during the first half of 2012 more other funds on international tourism has allocated China (+30%), Russia (+15%), USA (+9%), Germany (+6%) and Canada (+6%), which corresponds to the data for last year. Continue reading
International tourism is one of the forms of exchange of services. In the basis of the tourist boom that swept the world in recent decades, are specific economic, social and other reasons. It is primarily the technological revolution, with which is associated a whole new level of productive forces. It’s a global phenomenon of urbanization, forcing residents of large cities to seek rest in other regions and countries. This “transportation revolution,” especially the rapid development of motorization and aviation. This General increase in the quality and standard of living, increasing income and duration of the leave. Finally, and General growth of culture, which causes the growth of the cognitive needs of people. Continue reading
Greeting of the head of the Federal tourism Agency Oleg Safonov P. Forum members
On behalf of the Federal Agency for tourism, I welcome the guests and participants of the III Arkhangelsk international tourist forum “Tourism in modern conditions”!
I am confident that the upcoming forum will become a productive venue for discussing the most pressing issues, seek practical solutions to address key challenges, expansion of interregional and international cooperation in the field of tourism.
Address by the Governor of the Arkhangelsk region I. A. Orlov Forum Continue reading