the exchange of contingent permissions
MOSCOW, January 28. The number of foreign tourist visits in the world in 2014 increased 4.7% compared to the previous year, and amounted to 1,138 billion Such data today leads the world tourism organization (UNWTO).
The greatest growth showed North and South America (an increase of 7%), Asia and the Pacific (+5%). This was modest growth in Europe (4%), middle East (+4%) and in Africa (an increase of 2%), reports “Finmarket” . Continue reading
For the first nine months of 2013 the growth rate of international tourism amounted to 5% according to the latest Barometer UNWTO world tourism. In the period from January to September the number of international tourist arrivals, according to data provided by destinations around the world increased by some 41 million exceeding initial forecasts of UNWTO and creates an important incentive for host countries.
For the first nine months of the year the number of international tourist arrivals grew by 5%, reaching a record 845 million to approximately 41 million compared with the same period in 2012. The main driver behind this growth were Europe and the Asia-Pacific region, in which the indicator of tourist arrivals increased by 6%. Continue reading
Under regular transportation of passengers means transportation between the territories of the Contracting parties or transit through their territories carried out periodically, according to set in advance the route, schedule and subject to the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers at specific predetermined points.
In accordance with bilateral agreements in the field of road transport regular transport of passengers by buses are organized in coordination between competent authorities of Contracting parties on the basis of granted them permission to travel by the road which passes through their territory. When you open a regular line Contracting parties, as a rule, follow the principle of parity of participation of carriers in both countries. For the passage of buses of regular lines on the territory of transit countries also requires authorization from the competent authority of that transit country. Continue reading
In some bilateral intergovernmental Agreements on international road transport, for example, with Germany, Romania, Poland, Macedonia and Czech Republic, the permission is also not required for entry of empty buses for backward transport of the same carrier group of passengers from a point in the territory of the other Contracting party, in which the group was previously delivered to the original point of departure. In these cases, a prerequisite is the presence of the driver of the passenger lists or the unified list of passengers (control document) .
This document introduced in may 1997, in order to harmonize the conditions of carriage of passengers international non-scheduled message. At the present time the Russian side agreed on the application of this document in 20 European countries: Continue reading
International tourism associated with the movement of capital, and the sale of services has a considerable impact on the balance of payments of individual countries, contributing to their transformation into active or passive. Sometimes counting and special tourist balance, which characterizes the ratio of revenues from foreign tourists in the country and the costs of its tourists abroad. In the countries most attractive to foreign tourists, the tourism balance, generally positive (France, Italy, Spain, Mexico, etc.), and in countries where the exit of tourists exceeds their arrival (Germany, Scandinavian countries, Canada, etc.), it is negative.
Especially important and complicated question about international classification of tourism according to purpose (type). Different authors offer many similar classifications, but judging from the recommendations of the world tourism organization, these goals are the five Continue reading