Assessment of the impact of international tourism on the economy comes down to relationships balance of tourist exchange and the overall balance of payments, which are reflected in the article sales and purchase of international services. The total amount of these receipts and payments will affect the country’s trade balance. The place and role of income and expenditure on international tourism reflects the value of the surplus of tourist balance and its impact on overall trade and payment balances. These relationships can be reduced to a number of characteristic types Continue reading
• Providing tourists goods and services, the country is more involved in the system of international division of labor, rationally using its natural resources.
• International tourism is an effective source of foreign currency, including due to the “internal exports”, i.e. the tourism local products. As an example, Italy, where the efficiency of the foreign exchange earnings from tourism helped to mitigate the problem of external payments. Over the past period surplus in its current account for 70-80% was formed due to the contribution from international tourism. Under the receipts from international tourism refers to the payment for goods and services made by foreign tourists during their stay in the country, except for earnings from additional employment and payment of international transit. International tourism expenditure includes purchases of goods and services produced by residents of the country abroad. Continue reading
• Foreign exchange implications. Although the first place on the importance of international tourism for national economies is given to the revenue currency, and its possible significant leakage. Developing countries are forced to import more food and goods to tourists, as well as the necessary equipment for the travel industry. According to estimates of the World Bank, imports of goods for tourists accounted for 15-55% of revenues depending on the development of the economy and the performance of the tourism industry on local resources. There is also an import, due to the impact of “demonstration effect”. Tourists, arriving in industrialized countries contribute to the imports of foreign consumer goods.
And yet, despite this, international tourism continues to grow, expanding its goals. Tourism classified:
— order — routing-cognitive, sport and recreation, community, resort, ski, festival, hunting, shopping tourism, religious, educational; Continue reading
Greeting of the head of the Federal tourism Agency Oleg Safonov P. Forum members
On behalf of the Federal Agency for tourism, I welcome the guests and participants of the III Arkhangelsk international tourist forum “Tourism in modern conditions”!
I am confident that the upcoming forum will become a productive venue for discussing the most pressing issues, seek practical solutions to address key challenges, expansion of interregional and international cooperation in the field of tourism.
Address by the Governor of the Arkhangelsk region I. A. Orlov Forum Continue reading
International tourism associated with the movement of capital, and the sale of services has a considerable impact on the balance of payments of individual countries, contributing to their transformation into active or passive. Sometimes counting and special tourist balance, which characterizes the ratio of revenues from foreign tourists in the country and the costs of its tourists abroad. In the countries most attractive to foreign tourists, the tourism balance, generally positive (France, Italy, Spain, Mexico, etc.), and in countries where the exit of tourists exceeds their arrival (Germany, Scandinavian countries, Canada, etc.), it is negative.
Especially important and complicated question about international classification of tourism according to purpose (type). Different authors offer many similar classifications, but judging from the recommendations of the world tourism organization, these goals are the five Continue reading